|Who was responsible for the discovery ?|
sailor was apparently responsible for the find.
The boat on which he was sailing was carrying crates from Funchal which,
for some unknown reason, were refused in Hong Kong. Shortly before returning
to Madeira, the captain ordered that the barrels of "spoilt"
wine be thrown overboard. The sailor - and who could blame him - thinking
this a tragic waste, opened a cask and tried some of the wine destined
to be tipped away. His face lit up as the first taste touched his lips
and trickled over his palate. Over the course of the voyage the grape
had been tipped in another, completely new, but positive direction and
soon the wines were called "Returned Wine" or "India
Circuit Wine", among a variety of catchy names that
added to the wine's growing popularity in every port.
There is one story which tells of a man who hung a barrel over the entrance to his office so that every customer that came to visit him had to move it before entering. But even this simple and original technique proved - fortunately for the customers one might add - not to work. Thus the barrels were shipped back and forth over the equator until 1794 when a technique was discovered of artificially heating the wine in large ovens or wine hot houses, called estufas in Portuguese.